PD44-09: Rates and risk factors for pelvic organ prolapse recurrence requiring re-operation after robotic sacrocolpopexy

Sunday, May 15, 2022 10:50 AM to 11:00 AM
Room 243
Voiding Dysfunction/BPH


Authors: Paige Kuhlmann*, Los Angeles, CA, Lisa Rogo-Gupta, Stanford, CA, Karyn Eilber, Los Angeles, CA, Jennifer Anger, San Diego, CA, Victoria Scott, Los Angeles, CA, Kai Dallas, Duarte, CA

Introduction: Reoperation for recurrent pelvic organ prolapse (POP) after robotic sacrocolpopexy (RASC) is reported to be approximately 5%. However, current studies are constrained by small sample sizes, with limited follow-up periods. Given that RASC is considered the new “gold-standard” durable POP repair due to the recent vaginal mesh controversy, we sought to assess rates and risk factors for repeat surgery after RASC in a large population-based dataset with long-term follow-up.

Methods: All women undergoing RASC in California from 01/2012-12/2018 were identified from the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development datasets using appropriate ICD-9/10 and CPT codes. Demographics, concomitant procedures, and future procedures for POP (anterior colporrhaphy [AC], posterior colporrhaphy [PC], apical repair [AR]) were identified. Univariate and Multivariate associations were explored between the above factors and repeat surgery.

Results: Of the 12,189 women identified undergoing RASC, 664 (5.4%) underwent a repeat surgery for recurrent POP. Future AC, PC and AR was performed in 506 (4.2%), 418 (3.4%), and 496 (4.1%) patients, respectively. Concomitant AC at the time of RASC was associated with increased risk of future AC (4.9% vs 4.0%, p=0.046), while concomitant PC was associated with a decreased risk of future PC (2.7% vs 3.7%, p=0.006). In multivariate analyses, concomitant PC remained an independent predictor of decreased risk for future PC (Table).

Conclusions: Reoperation rates for recurrent POP after RASC was 5.4% in this large population-based cohort study, which is consistent with the literature. While concomitant AC was associated with future repeat AC, concomitant PC was protective against future repeat PC, suggesting a low threshold should be held for performing PC at the time of RASC.

Source of Funding: n/a